Landeshauptstadt Dresden - 18.05.2017 13:51:48 Uhr 18.01.2020 13:25:59 Uhr

Municipal Citizen Survey (KBU)

Good „Life in Dresden“ – Local citizens‘ survey 2016

In March 2016 the city sent 12,500 questionnaires to the citizens of Dresden. It was the 11th Municipal Citizen Survey (KBU) since 1993. For the first time it was possible to complete the questionnaire online. 15.5 percent of the participants used this offer. With a total of 4 435 valid feedbacks, statistically reliable information, combining 17 local districts, was received. Questions targeted aspects such as living conditions, environment, relocation, financial situation, urban development and traffic, work of the city administration and the feeling of security. The First Mayor, Mr. Detlef Sittel, took the opportunity to thank all the Dresden residents who participated in the municipal survey: "36.1 percent of the respondents completed and returned the questionnaires, this is a good result. Dresden‘s citizens seem to live better than ever before:“

Comparted to previous years the personal economic situation is assessed best. 65 percent of respondents rate it as "very good" or "good" (2014: 58 per cent). Expectations about future developments are also very positive. Approximately 15 percent expect an improvement (2014: 20 percent) and only 12 percent are more pessimistic (2014: 14 percent).

The income of Dresden households continues to grow: The average net income of a Dresden household has risen by almost eleven percent since the last survey took place in 2014. As a result, the income rise was markedly higher than in the period from 2012 to 2014. An average monthly budget household in February 2016 was about € 2 090 (median). The biggest increases are for couples without children. They now have 14 per cent more income. This increase does not affect respondents without partners and single-person households though. They have a slightly lower income than 2014.

For the assessment of the income situation in Dresden the need-weighted net equivalent income is used. This means that the income is depending on household size and number of persons. This method is used to better describe the distribution of financial resources. The average need-weighted net equivalent income has grown by 79 per cent since 1993. It now stands at € 1 600 against € 1 444 in 2014. About 15 per cent of households have less than 60 per cent of the municipal net equivalent income. Therefore, they are considered to be at risk of poverty. These are two percentage points less than in 2014. For single-person households, the threshold for poverty is currently at € 960 net income per month.

Great satisfaction with housing and the city, housing costs rise: The Dresdeners are very satisfied with the housing situation, the residential areas and the city. The "average scores" for the evaluation of the housing and the residential areas have reached, for the fourth time in a row since 2010, the best score of 1.9. The city in general also receives the average score of 1.9.

16 per cent of the Dresden households live in their own house or in their own flat. An average Dresden apartment is 72.6 square meters and has statistically considered 2.9 rooms. About three quarters of the households have a balcony, a terrace or a loggia. The majority of households - 45 percent - heat with district heating, about 41 percent with natural gas. 21 percent of households say they live in an old and barrier-free flat. Twelve per cent live according to their own data in a wheelchair accessible flat.

The "average flat rental in Dresden" costs are at € 532 per month (€ 8.21 per square meter), the basic rent is € 395 (€ 5.96 per square meter), the non-heating related operating costs are € 77 (€ 1.17 per square meter). Heating and water heating costs are at € 74 (€ 1.12 per square meter). Compared to the survey in 2014, the increase in the basic rent amounts to about 2.4 percent per year. While the non-heating related operating costs remained stable, the "warm" operating costs decreased. Housing costs impose a rental income of an average of 27 per cent in Dresden.

Wishes and motives to move: Within the next two years - similar to the surveys since 2007 - 15 percent of respondents want to move. Within the next five years a total of another eight percent will be willing to move. Strongest motives for moving within Dresden are related to the wish for a larger or more modern equipped apartment and family reasons.

Further topics: The following topics were also prepared for the brochure "Hauptaussagen"(main statements): Importance and satisfaction with living conditions, mobility and transport, health, life with disability, child care and parental leave, care of relatives, services for selected social groups, Dresden from a citizens‘ perspective, biggest problems in Dresden and as well as references and hints from citizens. The publication consists of two brochures: "Hauptaussagen" (main statements) interprets and describes the results by means of texts and graphics on 99 pages, compares to longer-running surveys and highlights trends. The "table part" contains 372 pages the statistical evaluation of all questions. In addition, selected results are presented in the form of an interactive Atlas - KBU atlas - at The brochures can be downloaded as a PDF file at and the "Statistical Publications" section. As printed brochures, these can be ordered for EUR 12 each at the municipal statistics office. Contact by fax (03 51) 488 69 13 or by e-mail