Landeshauptstadt Dresden - 12.04.2019 11:34:44 Uhr 31.10.2020 10:28:37 Uhr
© Volker Bellmann

Johannstadt as Smart City district

The Dresden district Johannstadt was selected for the realization of the Smart City project MAtchUP. During the implementation process, an intelligent and energy-efficient district is to be created through development measures.

Building structure and land use

Johannstadt is located in the east of the city center. With a total of 24,800 inhabitants (2017, Städtisches Statistikamt) and an area of 3.46 km², the Johannstadt is one of the most densely populated district of Dresden. Along its borders, there are numerous and in part very large green and open spares with the Elbe River in the north and the “Großer Garten” in the south. Within the district, however, there are no considerable green areas. 

The building structure is highly influenced by the almost completely destroyed district during World War II. In the east of Johannstadt, some buildings in Wilhelmian style remained. Within the reconstruction until the 1980s, so-called “Altneubauten (long six-floor apartment buildings) and “Plattenbauten” of 10 to 15 floors (based on prefabricated concrete slabs) were built. 

Due to this historical development, the use of the district is mainly dominated by housing. Along Grunaer Straße, at Bönischplatz and in the few remaining Wilhelminian buildings as well as in parts of the after 1990 new-built structures there are mixed uses, with the ground floor serving for commercial purposes. There are some supermarkets with associated facilities (butchers, bakeries), low-cost shops for short-term needs, and larger shopping centers at Bönischplatz and Straßburger Platz. 

In addition, educational institutions such as the Free University or the Academy of Fine Arts are located in the area, with other large research institutes (especially in the field of biotechnology) in its immediate vicinity. Follow-up facilities and clinic-driven services as well as several office locations have settled in the district, too. 

Socio-demographic structure

With regard to the socio-demographic composition of the residential population, the district of Johannstadt differs substantially from the Dresden average.

The decline in the number of inhabitants immediately after reunification in 1990, which was noticeable throughout the city in the last two decades, did not occur in Johannstadt, as the number of inhabitants remained relatively stable.

The age structure is characterized by a significantly higher proportion of inhabitants aged 65+, of whom many have lived in the area already for a long time. This group represents 29% (north) and 43% (south), while the Dresden average is only about 21%. Especially for the southern part of Johannstadt, the average age is well above the city average, while for the northern part an increasing proportion of children and young people could be observed in recent years. 

Transport infrastructure

Due to its central location, the district of Johannstadt is very well connected to the local and regional transport network. It is surrounded and crossed by main roads. Although this provides very good access, the large infrastructures and their sometimes poor surface conditions generate considerable noise and pollutant emissions and barriers, especially for children and older people. Due to the huge number of households in the area, there is a high parking pressure in the public space.

In terms of public transport, several bus and tram lines run along the main roads, so that the residential areas are well developed. Larger transfer points are located at the edge of the district (Fetscherplatz and Pirnaischer Platz).

The conditions for cycling are rather moderate to bad. There are only a few cycle paths, some of which have a bad surface, suddenly stop or are interrupted. The traffic-calmed residential roads are also only moderately to slightly suitable for cyclists. Furthermore, the connection to the long-distance cycle path on the Elbe is only possible in a few places.

The situation for pedestrians is largely satisfactory. There are footpaths along all streets. However, these are only partially in good structural condition. Considerable deficiencies in the footpaths exist in the area of accessibility.